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The Chinese New Year's Day is said
"WAN TRUT CHIN" - วันตรุษจีน
in Thai language. Chinese New Year festivities last three days.
The best places to enjoy Chinese New Year in Thailand are Bangkok's chinatown
Yawarat district and Nakhorn Sawan. Bangkok's Yawarat district was founded in
On the day before the Chinese New
Year's Day, Thai Chinese people start to make
offerings to gods, their ancestors, the God of Land and the God of
Luck. Offerings include steamed duck, chicken, pork heads, fresh or
canned fruit, chinese cakes (often with durian) and vegetarian food.
Chinese flowers ("DOOK MAI CHIN" - ดอกไม้จีน)
and golden paper are also offered. Placing a full chicken (representing prosperity and wholeness)
behind mandarin oranges (representing wealth and good fortune) has a full symbolic signifiance
when setting the diner table for ancestors and the household spirit.
The Chinese God of Wealth, Choi Sun, appears during the Chinese New Year festivities.
He is spreading good luck and handing out red envelopes ("ANG PAO") as gifts.
Following old Chinese traditions, some rules must be applied:
The entire house should be cleaned before New Year's Day.
On New Year's eve, all the brooms and brushes are put away. Sweeping and dusting isn't done
for fear that good fortune will be swept away.
At midnight doors and windows shall be opened to allow the old year to make exit.
Anyone shall not borrow and lend anything on New Year's day.
The Lion dance is very popular during Chinese New Year festivities.
The lion is a huge, multi coloured papier-mache head with a long multi colored train.
Two people are inside the lion. They are moving the head and body with precision and
ease following the background drum beat. The lion shows every emotion, from happiness
and joy to the deepest sorrow.
It is lucky for the lion dance to visit personal home or business.
Local businessman use cabbages or lettuce dangled outside shops to attract the
lions to visit their premises. It is especially lucky if the lion decides to put the owner head
in its mouth. Accompanying the lion dance procession, there are specially percussionists
using drums. Their drums represent the lion's heartbeat and must be continuously played as the
lions dance or move from one location to another. People thank the lions by giving a fee.
This smiling person is always followed by the lions
during festivities. Normally he is holding a fan.
The lions move from one shop to another and perform the dance.
In some case, the performers raised a pole. The lion climbs on the top of the pole and performs
a dance or gets red envelopes ("ANG PAO") given by people located on buildings with higher floors.
The more the spectators pay the lion dancers, the better the performance is.
The lion dance is believed to ward off demons.
During Chinese New year, in Bangkok's Yaowarat district, visitors can enjoy many cultural shows
related to Chinese culture and history.
Wearing red clothes is believed to bring blessing. Gold colour is also
popular auspicious colour.
Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn presided over the
Chinese New Year Festival official opening in year 2009.